What happens to your eyes in your 50s?
“By now it’s likely you’ve already experienced some degree of trouble with your reading vision and that will likely continue to decline during this decade,” says Dr Colin Clement.
Regular eye examinations with an optometrist or ophthalmologist are the best way to protect your eyes and detect various diseases, such as symptom-free glaucoma, which can lead to permanent loss of vision.
Increased exposure to UV light is known to be a contributing factor in eye diseases.
“Many eye diseases involve free radicals and oxidation, so what you eat can potentially accelerate or halt the process,” Dr Clement says. Although carrots spring to mind, many other foods can also give an instant eye health boost.
What happens to your eyes in your 60s?
Eyesight deterioration continues with age, and the risk for eye disease increases. More subtle changes to vision and eye structures begin taking place, including reduced pupil size, loss of colour perception and diminished ability to see in low light.
Annual eye examinations are recommended for everyone aged 60-plus. “In addition to a routine eye check-up, ask your GP for an annual physical to identify underlying conditions that could potentially cause eye problems,” Dr Clement suggests.
“Ease dry eye symptoms and improve the quality of your tears by applying a warm compress containing either baby shampoo or sodium bicarbonate to closed eyelids, each time you have a shower – the detergent action helps to open the glands in the eyelid,” Dr Clement says.
“In addition to antioxidant-rich fare, choose foods rich in vitamins A and C, and omega-3 fatty acids to protect your macula, the part of your eye responsible for central vision,” Dr Clement says.
What happens to your eyes in your 70s?
By now it may have become obvious that colours aren’t as bright, and a loss of some of your peripheral vision may make driving more difficult. “As well as an increased risk of glaucoma, chances are you have cataracts or have already had them removed,” Dr Clement says.
As you age, testing becomes even more important. Continue having an annual eye check-up – ask your GP to increase your overall health check-up to once every six-to-12 months.
Ask an optometrist about eyewear for different light conditions and whether the glasses you currently wear are suitable for your needs.
Continue eating plenty of fruit and vegetables. “Numerous studies have shown that diets high in leafy greens, omega-3 fatty acids and selenium-rich foods, such as Brazil nuts, have a positive effect on preventing macular degeneration,” Dr Clement says.