What does it all mean?
Weeks or gestation
Urinalysis (urine testing)
- Sugar traces This may be a sign of gestational diabetes (diabetes in pregnancy). If sugar appears repeatedly, a blood test will be carried out.
- Albumin (Alb) This protein may be a sign of pre-eclampsia (a serious pregnancy condition affecting the placenta). Most women have a trace of protein in their urine at some time during their pregnancy. 'Although protein in the urine is fairly common, it should always be investigated,' says Chris Salvage.
- Ketones These chemicals are produced by your body when your fat-burning mechanisms aren't working properly. This may happen if you've got gestational diabetes, you're not eating enough, or you have pregnancy sickness.
Height of fundus (FH)
- R - right
- L - left
- A (anterior) - to the front
- P (posterior) - to the back
- L (lateral) or T (transverse) - to the side
- C or Ceph (cephalic) or Vx (vertex) - head down
- Br (breech) - feet or bottom first
Relation of PP to brim
- FHH or H - fetal heart heard
- FHNH - fetal heart not heard - this isn't necessarily anything to worry about
- FMF - fetal movements have been felt