What is teething?
How can I tell that my child is teething?
- He puts everything in his mouth
- His gums look more red
- His cheeks may look inflamed
- He is very irritable
- He has a sore bottom
- He may run a slight fever
- He develops mild diarrhoea
- It is also possible that there's no noticeable change in his behaviour or symptoms
How to ease the pain of teething
- Give him something to chew. Teething rings and big pieces of chilled apple or carrot will help to soothe his gums - watch him carefully to make sure he doesn't break off a small piece which could cause choking.
- Run some teething gel on his gums. Gels often contain an anesthetic to give temporary relief.
- Rubbing his gums with your finger can also help.
- Give him infant paracetamol, suitable from three months, to ease any pain or to lower a mild fever.
- Make sure he drinks plenty of fluids; offer him cool, boiled water. Excessive drooling could mean that he is thirsty.
- High temperature - above 38 degrees C. This could be due to an infection, especially if it continues for more than 24 hours
- Diarrhoea, if it continues for more than 24 hours
- Chest infections
What is thrush?
What causes thrush?
How can I tell if my child has thrush?
- White spots on a red rash starting around the anus, which spreads to his buttocks and inner thighs
- A bright red nappy rash that isn't helped by normal creams
- He may refuse feeds
- Spots inside his cheeks that look like the remains of milk which, when wiped gently with a tissue, revel a sore red patch beneath
Coping with thrush
- If you are breastfeeding, you and your partner will need treatment as well as your baby.
- If he finds it painful to feed from a bottle or finds it hard to suck from the breast, try spoon-feeding him.
- Wash your hands scrupulously after nappy changes and before feeds.
- If the thrush develops during a course of antibiotics, finish the treatment but use anti-fungal medication at the same time.
- If has asthma and develops oral thrush, consult your GP.
How can thrush be treated?
- An antifungal cream for your nipples if you are breastfeeding. But always wash this off before feeding your baby.
- An antifungal gel or liquid to be dropped into your baby's mouth after every feed. The sores should start to improve within a day or two.
- A cream for his bottom if he has nappy rash. The sores should start to clear up with two or three days.
- If none of these work, consult your GP again because a secondary bacterial infection may have set in top of the thrush.