IBD is a collective term used to describe autoimmune conditions such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. These conditions cause the wall of the digestive tract to become inflamed and ulcerated with open sores that may bleed.
People with IBD can be at risk of malnutrition when the disease is active. When someone with IBD has a flare up, their appetite can decrease, while their nutrient needs can increase due to diarrhoea, bleeding and the body's need to repair the damage the disease does to the digestive system.
For most people the key to maintaining good health is to eat a well-balanced diet that includes items from all five core food groups. Emerging research is also indicating some foods may have benefits for those with IBD.