What causes skin hyperpigmentation?
One of the most common forms of hyperpigmentation is damage caused by UVA/UVB rays which can result in a tan, freckles and sun spots. Wearing sunscreen everyday (yes, even when it's cloudy and during winter) will stop harmful rays form reaching your skin.
This is more specific than sun damage, and is caused by hormonal changes including those from pregnancy, the oral contraceptive pill and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) after menopause.
Unfortunately if you have suffered from acne, you might also suffer from post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Occurring in areas where you've had acne, this skin discolouration is a side effect of the skin's healing process.
What at-home topical skin care ingredients should you use?
What are the in-salon treatment options?
IPL uses broad-spectrum light to break down melanin pockets within the skin into smaller pieces, which are then removed by the body's natural lymphatic draining.
Cosmelan is a specific type of chemical peel that targets all types of brown patches and skin discolorations, including melasma, explains Natalie. It works by decreasing the skin's melanin production by inhibiting the enzyme tyrosinase (responsible for creating melanin) within the body. A mask is applied to the skin which is left on for a period of time, and then washed off. Afterwards, clients will notice significant skin peeling, redness, sensitivity and mild swelling which can last up to five days after treatment.